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February 2022, Volume 72, Issue 2



It gives us immense pleasure to share this JPMA special supplement with our readers, published as an appurtenance to the 7th AKU Annual Surgical Conference of the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan. The theme of the conference is 'Surgical Research: Exploring our History — Navigating the Future,' and submissions were invited keeping this theme in mind.

We are grateful for the enormous response from both national and international contributors and a total of 98 manuscripts were received. We adopted JPMA's strict criteria for publication and each submission was first evaluated for plagiarism through specialized computer software. No manuscript was rej


Surgical research: Exploring our history — navigating the future

Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui  , Muhammad Shahzad Shamim  , Syed Ather Enam

In the fifteenth century, trained individuals called' barber surgeons' mastered the art of handling sharp instruments and performing basic surgical procedures. They even founded a 'United Company of Barber Surgeons' in 1540.1 Besides shaving and haircutting, they were trained to perform dental extractions and a few surgical procedures. Later in 1745, qualified doctors and surgeons came together and founded 'Company of Surgeons' in the UK, which later became the Royal College of Surgeons in London.2 This progression from anecdotal experiences of the guild of b

Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association has agreed to receive and publish manuscripts in accordance with the principles of the following committees: